Brazil election Accusations and misinforma the campaign tra

ที่มา: ต้นฉบับ ความนิยม:เวลาปล่อย:2022-11-24

Claims about corruption, Covid, deforestation, and even cannibalism grabbed attention in the build-up to Brazils presidential election.

Luiz Incio Lula da Silva defeated current President Jair Bolsonaro in a second-round run-off on Sunday, and will take office on 1 January.

During the campaign, we looked at some of the main lines of attack for both candidates.

Bolsonaro and Lula, who are both Catholic, sought support among evangelical Christian voters, who make up almost a third of Brazils population.

However, their strategies were rife with religious disinformation.

One example of this is a video shared by two of Bolsonaros sons and other politicians, in which a social influencer who describes himself as Satanist, declares his support for Lula.

The video went viral, alongside messages saying that Brazil would be running a spiritual risk if Lula was elected - despite the influencer having no relationship with the former president nor any influence on his policies.

Lulas campaign team released a statement rejecting any involvement with devil worship and the video was banned by the Electoral Court, the body overseeing the vote.

Meanwhile, Lulas campaign team highlighteda 2016 New York Times interviewwith Bolsonaro in which he says he visited an indigenous community in Brazil that was allegedly cooking a dead person, and that he had asked to watch.

To see it, he recalls in the interview, he was told hed have to join in the meal. I would eat it, he said. Id have no problems in eating the indigenous person. But he added that his entourage did not want to go, and so he didnt, either.

Lulas campaign produced a video featuring the 2016 interview, saying: Its monstrous. Bolsonaro reveals that he would eat human flesh.

Bolsonaro complained to the Electoral Court, which then banned Lulas campaign video, saying that it had portrayed the interview out of context.

Leaders of the Yanomami people, the indigenous group Bolsonaro was referencing, reject his claim and say that they do not practise cannibalism.

The rainforest plays a vital role in absorbing harmful carbon dioxide that would otherwise escape into the atmosphere, and about 60% of the Amazon is in Brazil.

Both Bolsonaro and Lula claim to have a better record at protecting it.

During a live presidential debate in October, Lula said: In our government, [we had] the lowest deforestation in the Amazon, and in yours it is the highest every year.

Bolsonaro replied: Google deforestation from 2003 to 2006, in the four years of Lulas government. Then search for deforestation from 2019 to 2022.

During your government, twice as much was deforested as in mine, he added.

Its true the amount of ​​deforestation during the first three years of Bolsonaros government is significantly less than in the same period under Lula - about 34,000km squared, compared with 71,000km,according the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe).

But after Lulas first two years in office, the rate of deforestation dropped significantly, and by the time he left office in January 2011, it had reached historic lows.

Under Bolsonaro, the rate of deforestation has gone up each year, continuing a trend that began a couple of years before he took office in January 2019.

He has implemented policies that critics say roll back crucial safeguards, and prosecutions against illegal logging have dropped during his time in office.

Corruption was a central theme in the campaign.

Bolsonaro highlighted a major corruption scandal,which began during Lulas previous period as president, when billions of dollars were stolen in bribes and overpriced oil contracts linked to the state-run oil company, Petrobras.

Lula himself was found guilty of involvement and in 2017 he was sent to prison. His conviction was annulled last year, enabling him to stand in this election.

For his part, Lula pointed the finger at Bolsonaro for enabling corruption, and accusing him of losing control of the countrys finances. By this hes referring to a secret budget included in the budget law passed in 2019, allowing for public funds to be spent by federal lawmakers with limited oversight.

Bolsonaro denies having approved the scheme. I vetoed it and [Congress] overrode the veto, he said during a debate on October 16.

Thats not true. At first, in November 2019, Bolsonaro did veto the new mechanism included in the budget. One month later, however, the presidency itself sent Congress a new proposed bill, including the secret mechanism within it, and it was approved.

Its an institutionalisation of corruption, a way of buying Congress using the countrys budget, says Bruno Brandão, executive director of the Brazilian national chapter of Transparency International.

He points out that press and police investigations have shown there are widespread fraud schemes involved in the application of these public funds.

Bolsonaro has beenaccused of spreading misinformation about Covid vaccines, and has refused to get the jab himself.

Lula has heavily criticised Bolsonaros efforts to control the pandemic.

During the campaign, he highlighted the countrys death toll, saying: Brazil has 3% of the world population, and Brazil has had 11% of deaths from the pandemic in the world.

Its correct that Brazil has accounted for almost 11% of the worlds official Covid deaths, with more than 687,000 recorded,according to Johns Hopkins University.

Thats the second-highest official death toll in the world after the United States.

It also has one of the highest recorded global death tolls as a proportion of its population - although not as high as neighbouring Peru.

But official figures may not fully reflect the true number of dead in many countries, as testing is not always available.

Lula also questioned the amount of time it took to roll out Covid vaccines.

Defending his governments record, President Bolsonaro said: We have purchased over 500 million doses of vaccine and Brazil is one of the most vaccinated countries in the world and in the fastest time.

Bolsonaros governmenthas now purchased about 750 million doses, but its first orders went in much later than those of some other countries.

This meant vaccine delivery was delayed, and Brazils rollout initially lagged behind many other countries in Latin America and around the world.

Brazil has now administered more than 220 doses per 100 people, but this is still below the levels of several other countries in the region, including Argentina, Chile and Peru.

Graphics produced by Sarah Habershon.

Zelensky denounces Russian terror in UN address

Clashes with Chinese police at giant iPhone factory. VideoClashes with Chinese police at giant iPhone factory

Zero-Covid China asks: Is World Cup on another planet?

I was in hell during those seven days in Greece

The little-known nut that may save at-risk rainforests

How too much ice triggered dramatic penguin decline. VideoHow too much ice triggered dramatic penguin decline

The woman fighting to save Mumbais forest. VideoThe woman fighting to save Mumbais forest

Malaysia election: Why isnt there a government yet?

How Qatars riches touch millions of UK lives

Africas stunning 80km safari train

What Springsteen teaches us about memory

How Germany ended reliance on Russian gas

The source of half the worlds lithium

The clever homes hidden from pirates

Zero-Covid China asks: Is World Cup on another planet?

Twelve flogged at Afghan football stadium

Zelensky denounces Russian terror in UN address

Gold coin proves fake Roman emperor was real

Manager kills six at Walmart store in Virginia

Sarah Palin defeated again in Alaska comeback bid

My wife died suddenly - trolls blamed vaccines

I was in hell during those seven days in Greece

Meta claims US military link to propaganda campaign

EU defuses tensions over Kosovo car number plates

© 2022 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.Read about our approach to external linking.

下一篇:teleSUR 上一篇:Latest News